In the southwest direction from Nové Mesto nad Váhom, on the borders of Small and White Carpathians, the village of Čachtice is situated. Above the village there are ruins of a castle associated with legends, which send shivers down the spine even today.
The ancient settlements of Čachtice are evident from numerous archaeological discoveries from the Neolithic, the Bronze age, or from the era of the Roman Empire. The first official written record of the village can be found in a bill of Belo IV. from 1248 and it contains the name Čekče. At that time it belonged to the Duchy of Nitra. In 1392 the village was given some privileges, among them the right to organize markets. At the end of the 16. century the village was plundered during the Ottoman invasion. The most important event which happened in Čachtice and found its significant place in the history of the Slovak nation was the last session of the Tatrín Literary Society, which was held in the local parsonage on August 9th and 10th 1847. The leaders of two different confession accepted an invitation of a Catholic priest Jozef Urbanovský. They made an agreement and together they decided to promote the Slovak language as the standard language. The historical places in Čachtice combine two strong contrasts- on the one hand, there is the ancient history infamous for the crimes of Elisabeth Bathory, the Lady of the Čachtice castle, and, on the other hand, there is the modern history, connected with the important step of the Štúr community, which established the standard language of Slovaks. The Bloody Countess left just the melancholic ruins of her castle, but the parsonage of Čachtice with a memorial plate still reminds the 167-year-old significant event, which was of the highest importance for our nation.
In encyclopaedias and bibliographies edited in the past centuries Čachtice used to be referred to as a small town or a big agricultural village, possessing the right to organize markets. The references contain the praising words about extraordinary wine cellars, for which there were no equals in the country. It is interesting that behind some cellars there were catacombs, which seemed to serve as secret spaces where people could hide themselves and their possessions. The largest catacombs were under the garden of Nadasdy manor house. They were dug into yellow ground- loess, with soft walls, roman and gothic arches. These places have never been protected by the state. Today we consider them as former historic sights, because many of them are filled with soil, including the entrances and there are dangerous for the visitors.
Nowadays this picturesque village has been popularised by the movie of Juraj Jakubisko who offered a new view on history. Čachtice has become popular not only at home, but also abroad. This beautiful village with rich history and wonderful nature belongs to the most interesting places in Slovakia.
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